Egg Allergy Foods To Avoid 102401222

Egg Allergy 101: Symptoms, Triggers, and Management Strategies

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Updated on March 26, 2024

Reviewed by Asmaa Alhashimy

Struggling to whip your way around the culinary landscape due to an egg allergy? We completely grasp how difficult it could be! It’s a tad tricky because eggs have this uncanny ability to pop up in all sorts of foods rather unexpectedly.

Even more surprising is that traces of egg products could be lurking in certain vaccines and cosmetics—quite unbelievable, don’t you think? But worry not! This article is primed and ready to pilot you through recognising and sidestepping foods with potential or concealed egg content.

Understanding Egg Allergy and What Causes it

Egg allergy is a common food allergy that can provoke a wide range of symptoms, from mild discomfort to severe allergic reactions. It is caused by an overreaction of the immune system to certain proteins found in eggs. When someone with an egg allergy eats eggs, their immune system mistakes the egg proteins for harmful invaders and releases chemicals to fight them off. These chemicals cause the symptoms of an allergic reaction.

Egg allergies are most common in children, but they can occur at any age—about 2% of children in the United States have it. The specific proteins in eggs that cause allergies are not fully understood, but they are thought to be found in both egg whites and yolks. The proteins in egg whites are more likely to cause allergies than the proteins in egg yolks.


Symptoms of Egg Allergy

Egg allergy can cause different signs in your body. Let’s see what they are:

  1. Skin Reactions: Red spots, itchiness, or swelling can happen on your skin.
  2. Breathing Problems: You may find it hard to breathe.
  3. Eye Issues: Your eyes might become red and watery.
  4. Stomach Pains: You might feel sick to your stomach, have belly cramps, or even throw up.

Challenges in Dealing With Egg Allergy

Avoiding eggs is the best way to manage an egg allergy since there’s no cure for it. However, it can be difficult to do all the time, as it can be:

  • Stressful for parents and children: Parents may worry about their children being exposed to eggs, and children may feel isolated from their friends if they avoid eggs.
  • Expensive: Egg-free foods often cost more than regular foods.
  • The Cause of Nutritional Deficiencies: Children who avoid eggs may not get enough important nutrients.

A treatment that can help people with egg allergies is oral immunotherapy (OIT). OIT involves slowly eating small amounts of egg white over time. This can help them become less allergic to eggs. However, it can be time-consuming and requires long-term maintenance.

Hidden Sources of Eggs or Egg Products

Egg Allergy 101: Symptoms, Triggers, and Management Strategies
Egg Allergy 101 – Hidden Sources of Eggs or Egg Products

When following an egg-free diet, it’s important to be aware of the hidden sources of eggs or egg products in food. Reading labels carefully becomes crucial in order to spot any traces or derivatives of eggs. We know that living with an egg allergy is not easy. So, let’s talk about how to read labels for an egg-free diet.

  1. Always check the food labels before buying any product. Foods may have hidden sources of eggs or egg products.
  2. Careful reading of labels is key. Some foods may not clearly say they have eggs inside them.
  3. Know the different names of egg products. This can keep you from eating eggs by mistake.
  4. If a food label seems unclear, ask about it. This will help ensure you stay on your egg-free diet.
  5. Never skip looking at labels, even if you think the food doesn’t have eggs in it.
  6. For kids with an egg allergy, parents should make sure all foods are free of eggs, mainly the white part of the egg.
  7. Your health is important, so don’t get tired of reading labels and asking questions about what’s in your food.

Common Substitutes for Eggs

Choosing the right egg substitute can be a lifesaver for food lovers with allergies. There are many options you can use when baking or cooking:

  1. Egg replacers look like eggs but do not have any eggs in them.
  2. Non-dairy egg alternatives are free from milk and other dairy products.
  3. Plant-based egg substitutes are made from plant foods like flaxseeds or chia seeds.
  4. Allergy-friendly egg replacements are safe for people with allergies as they have no common allergens.
  5. Ingredients for egg-free baking: You can use goods such as apple sauce or mashed bananas instead of eggs in your recipes.
  6. Vegan baking substitutes: Goods such as silken tofu or vinegar mixed with baking soda can be an alternative to eggs.
  7. Egg-free binding agents: Things like pureed fruits and vegetables can be used to hold your food together.

General Guidelines for Egg Allergy Diet

In an egg allergy diet, breads and starches can still be enjoyed. However, it’s important to read labels for hidden sources of eggs, as we mentioned before. Certain types of food are allowed, and others should be avoided. Here are lists for both:

Egg Allergy 101: Symptoms, Triggers, and Management Strategies
General Guidelines for Egg Allergy Diet

Allowed Foods

As someone with an egg allergy, it is critical to pay attention to what is allowed to eat. It may seem daunting, but there are plenty of delicious and nutritious foods out there that are completely safe for those allergic to eggs. Here’s a table that details some of the safe options you can enjoy:

CategoryAllowed Foods
Fruits and VegetablesFresh fruits and vegetables.
Meat and Poultry• Fresh, frozen, or canned meats and poultry without breading or sauces.
Fish and Seafood• Fresh, frozen, or canned fish and seafood without breading or sauces.
Breads and Starches• Plain enriched white, whole wheat, and rye bread or buns without egg products.
• Eggless muffins.
Eggless waffles.
Dairy• Whole, low-fat or skim milk.
• Cottage cheese.
• Buttermilk cheese.
Beverages• All fruit juices.
• Soda.
Cereals and Grains• Most cereals.
• Most grains.
• Egg-free dry or fresh pasta.

Remember, you should always read labels carefully and consult your healthcare provider if unsure about a food product. Some children who are allergic to eggs can tolerate baked foods with eggs, such as muffins or cake. However, this should always be done under guidance from their healthcare provider.


Not Allowed Foods

On the other hand, there are various foods that you need to avoid to prevent an allergic reaction if you have an egg allergy. Here’s a list to help food lovers navigate this dietary restriction.

Food CategorySpecific Foods
Baked Goods• Cakes.
• Cookies.
• Doughnuts.
• Any baked product that contains eggs.
Pasta and Noodles• Most pasta types.
• Most noodles types.
• Related dishes that involve eggs in their preparation.
Breakfast Foods• Pancakes.
• Waffles.
• French toast.
• Any breakfast food that typically requires eggs.
Dairy ProductsIce cream.
• Custard.
• Other dairy products that are made with eggs.
Main Dishes• Fried rice.
• Frittata.
• Other main dishes that often include eggs.
Processed Foods• Mayonnaise.
• Certain types of salad dressings.
• Other packaged foods that use eggs as an ingredient.
Certain meats• Some meats, like meatballs or meatloaf recipes.

Breads and Starches

On an egg allergy diet, we can still enjoy breads and starches. We just have to make smart choices. Plain enriched white, whole-wheat, and rye bread without eggs are all fine. For a more diverse taste palette, choose wheat-free bread or gluten-free bread.

The same goes with pasta—choosing eggless options like wheat-free pasta is the way forward. It’s harder to find allergen-friendly bread that is free of not just eggs but also wheat, soy, and milk. You might have to check out some special stores or websites for those products. Just don’t forget to read the labels on packages before buying anything.


Egg Allergy and Cross-Reactivity

Cross-reactivity is common among individuals with egg allergies, particularly with chicken meat and other poultry products. Managing cross-reactivity requires careful avoidance of these types of food and finding suitable alternatives for a well-balanced diet.

Cross-Reactivity with Poultry

People with egg allergies may also react to other bird eggs, such as turkey, duck, goose, seagull, and quail. This is because these eggs contain similar proteins to chicken eggs. In rare cases, people with egg allergies may also react to chicken meat. So, it is important for people with egg allergies to avoid all bird eggs and chicken meat unless they have been tested and found to be safe.

Managing Cross-Reactivity

Managing cross-reactivity is an important aspect of dealing with an egg allergy. Here are some tips on how to manage cross-reactivity:

  1. Be aware of bird species: Cross-reactivity can occur between eggs of different bird species. So, it’s important to avoid them if you have an egg allergy.
  2. Chicken meat tolerance: Most individuals with an egg allergy can tolerate chicken meat without any issues. However, it’s always a good idea to consult with a healthcare professional to be sure.
  3. Watch out for proteins: Cross-reactivity can happen when the proteins in one type of food are similar to those in another. This can lead to allergic reactions in individuals with an egg allergy. So, it’s best to avoid foods that contain similar proteins.
  4. Consult a healthcare professional: If you suspect cross-reactivity or have concerns about managing your egg allergy, you’d better seek advice from a healthcare professional who specialises in allergies.


If you have an egg allergy, it’s important to be aware of the foods and products that may contain eggs or egg ingredients. Avoiding these allergens can help prevent allergic reactions and keep you safe.

Remember to read labels carefully, look out for hidden sources of eggs, and consider using egg substitutes in your cooking and baking. Stay informed and take steps to manage your allergy so that you can enjoy a healthy and allergen-free diet.


1. Can I eat eggs that are cooked in other dishes?

It is best to avoid eating eggs that are cooked in other dishes as there might still be traces of the allergen present.

2. Can I eat foods labelled “egg-free” or “vegan”?

Foods labelled as “egg-free” or “vegan” should generally be safe for those with an egg allergy, but it’s important to check the label for any potential cross-contamination risk.

3. Are cooked eggs safer than raw ones for people with egg allergies?

Cooking eggs can change the structure of the proteins in the egg, which can make them less allergenic for some people. However, it is important to note that cooking does not destroy all of the egg proteins. So, it is still possible for some people to have an allergic reaction to cooked eggs.

4. Is bird-egg syndrome the same as egg allergy?

Bird-egg syndrome is an allergy to egg yolk following breathing in bird proteins, such as those found in feathers, droppings, or dander. This allergy is different from the common egg allergy, which is caused by eating egg whites.

5. Is MMR vaccine safe if allergic to eggs?

The measles mumps rubella (MMR) vaccine is made using chicken cells, but it does not contain any egg proteins that can cause an allergic reaction. It has been safely given to many people with egg allergies. So yes, the vaccine is safe for the vast majority of people with egg allergies, even if the allergy is severe.

6. Can I outgrow my egg allergy over time?

It is possible for some individuals to outgrow their egg allergy over time. Many children with an egg allergy will eventually outgrow it before the age of 10, but this is not the case for everyone. It’s important to work with a healthcare professional to determine if and when it is safe to reintroduce eggs into the diet. Regular testing and monitoring can help track any changes in the body’s response to eggs.

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